COVID-19 vaccines are available to all groups in PA. Let LVC know when you are fully vaccinated.
COVID-19 vaccines are available to all groups in PA. Let LVC know when you are fully vaccinated.
The Music Student Handbook has been developed to assist you in your quest to complete a music degree or minor in music. The department offers four-degree programs: a bachelor of arts in music (MUS), bachelor of arts, emphasis in music business, bachelor of music, emphasis in audio & music production (AMP), and a bachelor of science in music education (MED). We also offer two academic minors, one in music and the other in music business. A master of music education (M.M.E.) completes our degree offerings.
The program for degrees section of the handbook will serve as your degree plan while you are an undergraduate music major at Lebanon Valley College. Each time you enroll for a new semester, bring your degree plan with you to the advising session. With the aid of your adviser, you will update your degree plan each semester. The Typical Course Sequence section will help you in planning carefully for each semester's work toward the degree.
Lebanon Valley College is an accredited institutional member of the National Association of Schools of Music (NASM) since 1941. All degree programs have final approval for listing from the association. The B.S. degree meets the standards of the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) and leads to comprehensive certification: pre-kindergarten through grade twelve, vocal, and instrumental music.
You will find important information about the advising procedure, use of the Bertha Brossman Blair Music Center, piano and voice proficiency exams, recital attendance policy, other policies, and general information. Read it carefully, and if you have questions, please direct them to your adviser.
The requirements listed herein represent the minimum for attaining the degree. During your brief time with us, you will discover the truth in the maxim that the more you learn, the less you know. A "career" in music is a lifelong enterprise, and we can only hope to help you in your beginnings. As you plan your coursework and extracurricular experiences, you will be confronted with choosing between several good options. Be thoughtful, ask good questions, listen, and make informed choices that will contribute to your individual goals.
While these decisions are an individual matter, our enterprise is a corporate one. Be considerate of others: your peers, your faculty, and your administration. Remember that there is more than one way to see an issue or question and that we have your best interest at heart.
Important themes include individual initiative and responsibility, common sense, courtesy and civility, the notion that we teach correct principles and that you govern yourselves, generativity (taking care of what we have), and collegiality (getting along one with another). Referring to the music student handbook will help to answer any questions.
Occasionally, faculty will make changes. Unless otherwise indicated, changes will apply to all students enrolled in music programs. The faculty will announce these changes and publish an updated version.
Each student is assigned an academic adviser within the music department. Before each registration or preregistration, you need to secure an appointment for advisement. All matters regarding curriculum choices should be discussed with the adviser. Your advisor must approve all changes in registration and help you plan your course of study and maintain a file on your progress in the music office.
Forms in your folder include your original audition materials (performance evaluation, ear training, and sight-singing assessment, letter of admission, and so forth); the adviser copy of your degree plan; a checklist that indicates receipt of the Music Student Handbook, successful completion of the piano and voice proficiencies exams, any recitals you perform, and a declaration of program and primary performance medium; jury examination results; repertoire sheets (to be kept current by your applied teacher); recital programs; grade reports; and pertinent correspondence.
If you decide to make a change in your degree program or primary performance medium, your request for such a change begins with your adviser and current applied teacher. A change in primary performance medium will mean a re-audition on the new instrument or voice. The expectation is that you will perform at the level of a college sophomore or junior on the new primary performance medium, depending on when you initiate the change. You are responsible for creating a clear rationale for making the change. After the various consultations (and/or re-audition), your petition will be evaluated by the department faculty and chairperson. Their decision will be made in your best interest. If made in the affirmative, a new checklist will be made a part of your permanent record. If the decision is negative, a direct appeal can be made to the department chair, who will review your request in consultation with the Dean of the Faculty. Their decision will be binding.
Faculty members post schedules of office hours indicating when they are available for conferences. You should endeavor to schedule your appointment during these times; however, if you find it impossible to meet with faculty members during their scheduled office hours, they will be glad to arrange a mutually convenient time. Personal matters should always be discussed in a personal conference, not during class, a private lesson, or in the hallway.
Grades are not a mystery. Requirements and the methods of evaluation for a given course are given in the course syllabus or study guide. Criteria for determining grades for courses and private lessons are developed by the faculty member but are based on the following established guidelines:
Faculty members welcome the opportunity to talk with you regarding your progress. They desire to help you in any way possible. If a grade is disputed, the discussion begins with the teacher. Appeals after this discussion can be made to the department chairperson. If the chair is the teacher against which the student holds a grievance, the student is recommended to Associate Dean of Academic Affairs. Serious concerns will be handled by the college’s grievance process.
The Breen Center for Graduate Success, located in the Allan W. Mund College Center, offers general assistance in the planning of career directions. The office operates a personal resume service for all regularly enrolled students, receives listings of career opportunities, and arranges on-campus recruiting with business, governmental, and educational agencies. Students who wish to make use of the placement service are advised to contact the director of career services.
The Bertha Brossman Blair Music Center opened in 1974 and is the physical manifestation of the college’s commitment to music. Many of you were attracted to this department because of this excellent facility. It is our responsibility to help maintain it for many more generations of music students. The following information is provided with this goal in mind.
The building is open during the school year from 7–2 a.m., Monday through Saturday, and Sunday from 1 p.m. to 2 a.m. When possible, please use the Sheridan Avenue entrance to hold traffic in the carpeted-lobby area to a minimum. The exterior entrance to the elevator is by key only and is used with permission only.
The ground level of the building houses practice rooms (including three organ practice rooms and one handbell choir rehearsal area), three classrooms (BMC 14, 22 and 23), eight faculty offices, several Community Music Institute studios, the Music Learning Resource Center (BMC 19), a Percussion Studio (BMC 25), and student locker room.
The main floor level houses the music office complex (office administrators, chairperson, and several faculty offices), the Instrumental Hall (BMC 121) with adjacent instrument storage and band library, the Organ/Choral Hall (BMC 122), choral library, main lobby, artist room, and Lutz Hall.
The upper floor level (the 200 series) contains the Presser-Gillespie Music Technology Center (BMC 218), music recording technology facilities, the projection room, and 11 faculty studios.
Restrooms are located on all levels at the midpoint of the main corridor.
Smoking is not allowed in the building. Signs are posted accordingly.
Food and drink are not permitted in performance spaces, ensemble rehearsal rooms, and recording studios. Liquids in sealable containers are permitted in classrooms and practice rooms. Under no circumstances should food or drink be placed on a piano, organ, recording console, electronics, or other equipment or furniture that could be damaged.
All areas are protected with heat-smoke sensors and individual sound and visual alarms. Fire alarms, fire extinguishers, and emergency defibrillators are located throughout the building.
The number of practice rooms provided should permit sufficient space that reservation or assignment should not be necessary. Courtesy should be extended among students in recognizing the following priorities if other rooms are available at any given time: string class students in Room 72 (cello) and Room 73 (string bass), and rooms with grand pianos for piano majors (Rooms 44 and 49 used by permission). Please note that these rooms are practice rooms, not lockers; no “camping out” allowed. Rooms 14, 19, 22, 23, 121, and 122 are not used for regular practice. The use of practice rooms is intended for music majors and minors, or other students in music courses who require practice preparation. All others may request permission in the music office.
Students are not permitted to use the facilities of the Bertha Brossman Blair Music Center for private teaching. Although the department encourages students to teach privately, facilities in the music building are reserved for those who are enrolled in the department.
Organ practice rooms are reserved for students currently studying organ on campus. Permission to use these rooms must be secured from the director of organ studies.
The recording facilities are located on the upper level. They are designed to provide lab facilities for students enrolled in the audio & music production program and to provide recording services for the music department. All inquiries about these facilities are made to the director of the audio & music production program.
The music learning resource center (BMC 19) was given in memory of Marian Dorsheimer Campbell, class of 1928, and was recently upgraded with gifts from Linda S. Rothermel ’69 and Mary E. Attick Albert ’40. It has several purposes: 1) as a classroom, 2) as a space for music education research and teaching experience, and 3) as a storage and work area for music education instructional materials.
Important messages and communications are posted on the bulletin boards located in the ground level corridor outside of the music learning resource center. The west wall is for general information. The east wall is for music groups: SAI (Sigma Alpha Iota), Sinfonia, Student Guild, PMEA/NAfME (Pennsylvania Music Educators Association/National Association for Music Education), jazz band, and personal messages. Personal messages are for student contact; messages for faculty members can be delivered to the music office.
Please, do not tape posters, bulletins, or messages to walls (painted surfaces), windows (glass), entry doors, door frames, or to the exterior of the building. The perforated hardboard panels in all rooms are for acoustical absorption only, not display. Do not use hooks on these boards. A building directory can be found outside of the music office, and an upcoming events monitor is displayed in the main lobby. Permission to display materials can be obtained in the music office.
The student locker room (BMC 26) allows you to store your instrument/equipment, so it is readily available for practice and rehearsals. All individual instrument storage cabinets are lockable, using your personal lock. Storage will be available to students at the beginning of each school year. Locker assignments will be made and recorded in the music office. Those students with larger instruments and equipment (like amplifiers) will have priority use of the larger spaces. At the end of the year, all locks must be removed; those left on the lockers will be removed by the college.
Statement of Liability: The Music Department and the College assume no responsibility for personal instruments and other property kept in the building. Personal items left even under the security of a locked area remain the responsibility of the individual. Students will be charged for damages and vandalism deliberately made to the building and/or department equipment.
Requests for the use of any area, facility, or equipment which originates within the department are to be made at the music office. Your request for space, when approved, will be confirmed by the music office. No college-owned equipment is to be taken from the building unless it is properly signed for in the music office. Only those instruments provided with cases may be taken from the building. Everything (especially mouthpieces) must stay with the appropriate instrument and case and are not to be removed to another case or kept for private use. Please report any damage to instruments or equipment immediately to the music office. The weekend use of instruments on this basis is encouraged; however, special care must be taken during football season to guarantee that all equipment required by the Marching Band is available when needed.
When the building is officially closed during vacation and semester breaks, students who wish to use the facilities must obtain permission from the chairperson.
Courses in the department can be challenged in accordance with the policy listed in the undergraduate and graduate catalog of the college. Placement exams are available in several areas for transfer students and for those who have had advanced course work at the high school level.
Classes begin promptly at the scheduled time. They dismiss ten minutes before the beginning of the next period. Students are expected to be on time unless they have previously informed the instructor of the possibility of their being late, or unless they have a legitimate excuse. If an instructor is not present at the beginning of the class period, please wait until ten minutes past the hour. If at that time, the instructor is not present, students are free to leave. Class cancellations will be posted on the classroom door and on a faculty member's studio door.
Several student groups are designed for those with an interest in music. The Delta Kappa chapter of Sigma Alpha Iota is a music fraternity for women. Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia's Iota Kappa chapter is the music fraternity for men. Valley Audio, VALE Music Group LLC, National Association for Music Education (NAfME) and the American Guild of Organists (AGO) each sponsor a student chapter.
Students who qualify for work-study through the Financial Aid office may be assigned various departmental responsibilities. These assignments are made by the chairperson based on recommendations from faculty members and in cooperation with the Financial Aid office. These positions are important to the administration of the department, and to be selected, one must be completely trustworthy and responsible. Information about work-study and procedures governing students selected for various assignments is available in the music office.
All music majors are required to enroll in Recital Attendance (MSC 099), one ensemble (MUE course), and Applied Instruction (a music lesson, MUI course) during every term of enrollment. Students are exempt from these requirements while currently engaged in full-time student teaching or AMP/MBS internship, or if the student already has successfully completed eight semesters of these courses.
MSC 099, Recital Attendance, is a repeatable, non-credit-bearing course required of all music majors. Students typically enroll in MSC 099 every semester they are full-time at LVC except for students:
A public performance of music.
Recital Attendance Goal
The music faculty has determined that a primary goal for the course is for students to give their full attention to performances, listening attentively, actively, and critically as audience members.
The purpose of the recital attendance requirement is to:
A minimum of seven recitals must be attended each semester, up to eight semesters (total 56) Not meeting the minimum number of recitals for a semester will result in:
Notable recitals are specifically chosen by the music faculty as having special significance.
Student Recital Participation
Students will not receive credit for recitals in which they are performing participants.
The music faculty has determined that a primary goal for the course is for students to give their full attention to listening attentively, actively, and critically as audience members to performances.
A list of recitals will be provided. This list is comprised of official LVC performances only. There may be additions and subtractions of performances, so be sure to check it often.
[Note that a new digital verification will be implemented in Fall 2019. Until it is officially in use, recital attendances will continue to follow the existing requirements.]
The department keeps track of recital attendance with recital attendance slips except for special occasions in which another method of attendance verification may be implemented.
It’s important to respect the performers and fellow attendees by not distracting, intruding, or drawing attention to yourself in any way.
The music department or other venues are not responsible for last-minute cancellations. (i.e. don’t plan on any recital fulfilling the minimum attendance requirement)
Most music students at Lebanon Valley College are required to exhibit a minimum proficiency level in both piano and voice. Opportunities to pass the proficiency exams in piano and voice will be given at the beginning and end of each semester. Class Piano and Class Voice are offered each semester to help you achieve proficiency in piano and voice. Piano class is offered in four consecutive courses: MSC 150, 151, 152, and 153. All music students except AMP majors must pass each section with a minimum grade of C- to progress to the next level. Alternatively, students may pass the piano proficiency exam to fulfill this requirement. Taking the piano proficiency exam will be by recommendation of the instructor. AMP students must progress to and complete MSC 151 with a minimum grade of C- and are not required to pass the piano proficiency exam. Students pursuing the MED degree must pass the piano proficiency exam in order to register for MSC 316: Keyboard Harmony. A student must be enrolled in Class Piano and/or Class Voice, or in a private lesson until the piano and/or voice requirements are completed. An exception is Music Business majors, who must pass one semester of Voice Class or the voice proficiency exam. Other individual exceptions are rare and made in consultation with the adviser, department chair, and with the consent of the piano or voice faculty.
Piano Proficiency Exam Expectations
Minimum piano proficiency requirements:*
* Students whose major performance medium is piano will demonstrate more advanced skills. Harmonizations will include secondary dominants and diminished seventh chords; the level of literature will be comparable in difficulty to some of the easier Mozart or Haydn sonatas, Mendelssohn Songs Without Words, or Bartok Mikrokosmos volume IV; and students will sightread on an intermediate level.
Voice Proficiency Exam Expectations
Minimum voice proficiency requirements for MUS, MBS, and AMP Degree Candidates:
Minimum voice proficiency requirements for MED Degree Candidates:
Memorization of the packet songs is not required.
The MUI 100-level lesson is the minimum lesson requirement in all undergraduate music degree programs.
Students may elect the MUI 200-level lesson option in consultation with their advisers and private-applied teachers.
Students registered for private instruction in the music department are not permitted to study in that instructional area on a private basis with another instructor, on or off-campus, at the same time. Students registered in applied music may not exceed three different areas of instruction in any one semester. Only one of these three lessons may be at the MUI 200-level.
Private lesson makeups:
Students who enroll for private instruction with an adjunct member of the faculty do not qualify for fee refunds if they cancel their registration after the first week of classes.
Performance is an integral part of all music degree programs offered at Lebanon Valley College. Emphasis is on the development of a high level of musical performance through applied music study, recitals, and various ensembles. With the private lesson serving as the nucleus of the student's training, the music department provides a sequence of class and recital exposures as a means to attain successful experiences in public performance. All students must perform on two recitals to graduate, one of which is the Sophomore Recital.
Every student is expected to participate in at least a part of this sequence. The emphasis is on high-quality performance, so only the most dedicated and talented students earn the privilege of performing a half and/or full recital as determined by the private instructor and pre-performance jury (described below). Half recitals may be performed in the junior year, the senior year, or both. Upon completion of a successful half recital in the junior year, students with their instructors may prepare a full recital in their senior year.
Quality of performance is vital in all recital levels. The difference will be in the amount of repertoire and degree of difficulty. None of the undergraduate programs require Half or Full recital; however, students are encouraged to participate in as many levels of the sequence as possible, in consultation with private instructors and advisers.
Student Recital (MSC 087): presents multiple students on one program. Each student will perform for a minimum of three minutes and a maximum of nine minutes. Student Recitals will be scheduled weekday evenings at 7:30 p.m. and during Common Hour (11 a.m. Tuesdays). The department will offer at least five Student Recitals each semester. Performance on at least one Student Recital is a graduation requirement. Students who wish to perform a Half or Full Recital must first perform on at least two Student Recitals. The Concerto-Aria audition recital counts as a Student Recital, but the sophomore evaluation recital does not.
Half Recital (MSC 330): Two performers, each of whom performs a maximum of 25 minutes of music share a Half Recital (MSC 330). The students may be juniors or seniors. A half recital in the junior year is a prerequisite to a full recital in the senior year. A senior who has performed a half recital in the junior year may perform another half recital in the senior year instead of a full recital. Students enroll in MSC 330 during the semester they plan to perform a half recital. MSC 330 is a zero-credit course. Students who successfully complete this course receive an “S” (Satisfactory) grade, and students who do not successfully complete the course receive an “NG” (no grade). “NG” courses do not appear on students’ transcripts. May count as immersive credit.
Full Recital (MSC 430): (MSC 430) is a solo recital in which the performer is the major participant but may have assistance through ensemble with other performers. The performer is responsible for a one-hour program, including a brief intermission not exceeding 10 minutes. The full recital signifies the highest achievement in performance and is reserved for seniors who have successfully performed the prerequisite recitals and pre-performance jury. Students enroll in IME 430 during the semester they plan to perform a full recital. MSC 430 is a zero-credit course. Students who successfully complete this course receive an “S” (Satisfactory) grade, and students who do not successfully complete the course receive an “NG” (no grade). “NG” courses do not appear on students’ transcripts. May count as immersive credit.
How to sign up for Student Recitals: After discussing the preparations, dates, and so forth, with your instructor, consult the Student Recital request form available in the music office and attached as an appendix to this Handbook. All requested information must be complete. This includes timing your music because recitals are limited to an hour's duration. Give the completed information to the department office administrator at least two weeks in advance of the date of the program. Selection is made according to the date of submission and programming needs.
Due two weeks in advance of the Student Recital:
How to sign up for a Half or Full Recital: Students are nominated for a Half or Full Recital by faculty. See the nomination form in the music office. Recitals should be scheduled for the official department performance calendar the previous school year to guarantee the scheduling of space and time.
Pre-performance juries are required for students giving half and full recitals. Two faculty members (of which one is a full-time faculty member, not the private teacher) will hear the student give a significant portion of the recital to determine readiness. The pre-performance jury must be heard at least two weeks before the scheduled recital date. If the student is not heard two weeks beforehand or is not prepared, the recital will be postponed or canceled at the discretion of the jurors and instructor.
Performing Half and/or Full Recitals with more than one instrument:
The focus of a recital is the performance of the primary instrument. A second instrument may be added:
Request for accompanist:
*You may provide the name of your preferred accompanist and the coordinator will try to accommodate your request. However, you may be assigned someone else if your preferred accompanist is in overload.
**Even if you or your teacher may have a preferred accompanist in mind, you will still need to submit the completed Request for Accompanist form and the music to the coordinator. Please do not give the music to your preferred accompanist directly.
***If you would like to switch to another accompanist, please contact the Coordinator of Accompanists.
You may choose a page-turner, or a Department Assistant will be assigned to turn pages. Preparing the score(s) for page turns, submission
While the department will provide accompanying service for Sophomore Evaluation Recitals free of charge, recitalists performing in Student Recital, Half Recital and Full Recital are responsible for paying the accompanist, whether student or professional, for his/her service. Please refer to the following fee schedule for suggested payment.
A sample contract is available. Please contact the Coordinator of Accompanists.
The fees received by the collaborative pianists are considered taxable income. Collaborative pianists are responsible for reporting this income along with other payments they receive, and for remitting any tax due with their personal income tax return.
Scheduling Music Spaces:
Music Space is defined as all rooms in Blair, including but not limited to the Organ/Choral room, Orchestra/Band room, Lutz Hall, and Zimmerman Recital Hall (aka Suzanne H. Arnold Art Gallery).
The Chair of the Music Department must approve the reservations of all Blair spaces. Requests to reserve Blair spaces are submitted to the Department Office Administrator in the Music Office. AMP classroom/studio reservations are made online through the AMP major.
Requests must include the time/date, including beginning and ending times, and the purpose of the proposed reservations. Reservations should be reasonable in length and only used for the purposes given. The department office administrator confirms the time/date with Conference Services along with the curator of the Art Gallery if the request is in Zimmerman, and then submits the request to the Chair of the Department for approval. Notification of the approval, or lack of, will be made by the Department Office Administrator. The response time for requests may vary, early requests will be notified further in advance.
The Grand Pianos on the stages should only be used for instruction/rehearsal/recital purposes. A key for the Lutz piano may be obtained from the department office administrator, or from Public Safety (the student must leave his/her/they student ID). The student is responsible for checking out the appropriate key on the day of the recital, to be returned promptly after the event. Note that access to Lutz and Zimmerman must be granted in advance.
The backdrop and curtains on the Lutz Stage may be moved only with permission. All lights must be turned off when it is vacated. The Green Room is considered to be a part of Lutz Stage and all rules for the use of Lutz are extended to it.
Blair spaces may be unlocked and locked by the Blair night monitors, only if prior reservations have been granted. All reserved spaces must be occupied during the allotted reservation times for the purposes stated. Blair night monitors should be notified when space is no longer used.
The person who made the reservation is responsible for any damage, including after the reservation time if space is left unlocked. All spaces must be vacated in a good and organized condition, and prepared for the following classes and uses. All chairs, stands, etc., including in the Orchestra/Band and Choral/Organ rooms, must be put away and be organized in preparation for the following uses. Failure to leave a reserved room in good standing will result in denial of any future reservations and may hold graduation if damages aren’t paid for.
Jury examinations give the faculty an opportunity to adjudicate your progress as a musical performer each semester. Our intent is to offer constructive criticism of your progress and to positively reinforce your applied music experience.
You will have a jury examination once a semester on your primary performance medium only. The specific dates, locations, and times for each jury will be posted during the latter part of each semester.
The jury session will not exceed 10 minutes. You will prepare selections determined beforehand in consultation with the private instructor. The jury panel may also request selections based on your preparation.
Panel members will complete evaluation forms for each student. The private instructor will discuss the results of the jury with you as soon as possible after the examination.
Panel members will complete evaluation forms for each student. The private instructor will discuss the results of the jury with you as soon as possible after the examination.
With the exception of vocalists, it is not necessary to provide piano accompaniment for jury performance.
Upon the recommendation of the applied instructor, any junior or senior who has played a half or a full recital during the semester may be excused from a jury exam in the major performance medium.
Following the midterm exam period (1st semester of the sophomore year), students in all degree programs will participate in a comprehensive review of their readiness to proceed in their respective degree programs.
The sophomore evaluation will be based on the following criteria:
During the student-teaching semester, MED candidates will not register for courses aside from MED 441 and MED 442. They will not register for nor participate in LVC music ensembles, and student teachers will not register for MSC 099: Recital Attendance. Student teachers may register for MUI (private lesson) courses only if they petition using the form in the appendix and receive approval from their private lesson teacher, their academic advisor, the director of music education, and the host teacher. The completed petition is due by the midterm of the semester prior to the student teaching semester. Students may petition to take lessons on instruments other than their primary performance medium. Students who receive permission to enroll in MUI courses during the student teaching semester will be limited to one 100-level (30-minute) lesson, which will be taken pass/fail. Other activities or involvements, on- or off-campus, that interfere with the performance of student-teaching duties are to be restricted. Students who are not in compliance with the policy risk removal from their student-teaching placement.
During a spring semester full-time (12-credit) internship, interns will not register for courses aside from AMP 400 or MBS 400. They will not register for nor participate in LVC music ensembles, and full-time interns will not register for MSC 099: Recital Attendance. Full-time interns may register for MUI (private lesson) courses only if they petition using the form in the appendix and receive approval from their private lesson teacher, their academic advisor, the internship director, and the internship host. The completed petition is due by the midterm of the semester prior to the full-time internship semester. Students may petition to take lessons on instruments other than their primary performance medium. Students who receive permission to enroll in MUI courses while full-time interns will be limited to one 100-level (30-minute) lesson, which will be taken pass/fail. Students who are not in compliance with the policy risk removal from their internships.
Students wishing to earn departmental honors must submit to the Chair a completed “Petition for Departmental Honors” form, which is available in the appendix. To earn departmental honors, candidates must meet the following criteria: