Liberal Studies

Courses in this component introduce fundamental concepts, methods and content in disciplines essential to a liberal education.

Requirement: Eight courses, with at least one course from each of the six area, and two additional courses in any of the six areas. No more than two courses from any one area may be used to satisfy the Liberal Studies requirement.

    • Area 1: History [L1]
      Courses acquaint students with some of the principal developments of the past or present, in World or American history. In the context of the principal developments of the historical period being studied, students analyze problems or controversies, placing a particular institution, idea, artifact, or event into its historical and/or cultural context. Students also learn to use, analyze, and/or assess a variety of different kinds of source material.

      AMS 111 Intro. to American Studies
      AMS 220 Amer Pop Cult: Product/Consum
      AMS 223 American Thought & Culture
      AMS 225 Democracy in America
      AMS 340
      HIS 103 The Ancient World
      HIS 104 The Second Age of Empires
      HIS 105 Formation of the Modern World
      HIS 125 US History to 1865
      HIS 126 US History since 1865
      HIS 207 Europe in the 20th Century
      HIS 210 History of Modern France
      HIS 217 Women in Modern Europe
      HIS 226
      HIS 240 American Military History
      POL 207 Europe in the 20th Century
      REL 340

    • Area 2: Social Sciences [L2]
      Courses establish and explore domestic and/or international patterns of culture and social organization, examining the interrelationships among individuals, structures, and processes of societies. Courses draw on theories and methodological approaches used in the social sciences and prepare students to evaluate, integrate, and communicate information about issues related to human behavior.

      ECN 101 Principles of Microeconomics
      ECN 102 Principles of Macroeconomics
      ECN 105 Essentials of Economics
      GLB 101 Crossing Borders
      HIS 215 Law and Government
      LAW 215 Law and Government
      POL 101 Controvers in Contemp Politics
      POL 110 Architecture of American Power
      POL 252
      SOC 110 Introduction to Sociology
      SOC 120 Introduction to Anthropology
      SOC 210 Social Problems
      SOC 230 Sociology of Marriage & Family
      SOC 261 Perspectives on Aging

    • Area 3: Natural Sciences [L3]
      Courses present findings, concepts, and theories of science, develop an understanding of scientific methods of inquiry, engage students directly in the practice of science, and prepare students to think critically about scientific issues.
      Students must complete both lecture and associated lab component to satisfy the Natural Sciences requirement.

      BIO 101 Human Biology
      BIO 101L Human Biology Laboratory
      BIO 103 Environmental Science
      BIO 103L Environmental Science Lab
      BIO 111 General Biology I
      BIO 111L General Biology I Laboratory
      BIO 112 General Biology II
      BIO 112L General Biology II Laboratory
      *CHM 111 Principles of Chemistry I
      *CHM 112 Principles of Chemistry II
      CHM 113 Introductory Laboratory I
      CHM 114 Introductory Laboratory II
      CHM 115 Techniques of Chemistry I
      CHM 116 Techniques of Chemistry II
      PHY 103 General College Physics I
      PHY 103L General College Physics I Lab
      PHY 104 General College Physics II
      PHY 104L General College Physics II Lab
      PHY 111 Principles of Physics I
      PHY 111L Principles of Physics I Lab
      PHY 112 Principles of Physics II
      PHY 112L Principles of Physics II Lab
      PHY 120 Principles of Astronomy
      PHY 120L Principles of Astronomy Lab
      PSY 111 General Psychology I
      PSY 111L General Psychology I Lab
      SCI 100 Introduction to Science
      SCI 100L Introduction to Science Lab

      *Students taking CHM 111 Principles of Chemistry I lecture must take either the CHM 113 Introductory Laboratory I or 115 lab; students taking CHM 112 Principles of Chemistry II lecture must take either the CHM 114 Introductory Laboratory II or 116 lab.


      Area 4: Mathematics [L4]
      Courses introduce pivotal mathematical ideas, abstract mathematical constructs, and mathematical applications. They make students aware of the powers and limitations of mathematics and emphasize the role of mathematics in our society. They strengthen students' abilities to read in order to understand ideas and extract technical or mathematical information, to apply mathematical reasoning, and to articulate mathematical ideas.

      MAS 100 Concepts of Mathematics
      MAS 111 Analysis I
      MAS 112 Analysis II
      MAS 150 Finite Mathematics
      MAS 161 Calculus I
      MAS 162 Calculus II
      MAS 170 Elementary Statistics
      MAS 270 Intermediate Statistics

    • Area 5: Literature and Fine Arts [L5]
      Courses acquaint students with significant works of artistic expression and with their historical and cultural contexts. They help them analyze and broaden their understanding of works of art, music, and literature and seek both to extend their aesthetic experience and enhance the quality of their critical judgment.

      ART 112
      ART 114
      ART 214
      ART 312
      ART 316
      ART 320
      ART 328
      ART 330
      ART 332
      ENG 120 Introduction to Literature
      ENG 150 Intro. to Creative Writing
      ENG 221 Survey of Amer. Literature I
      ENG 222 Survey of Amer. Literature II
      ENG 225 Survey of English Literature I
      ENG 226 Survey of English Lit II
      ENG 227 Survey of World Literature I
      ENG 228 Survey of World Literature II
      ENG 323 Film
      FRN 330
      FRN 405 Read. in Fren. & Franco. Lit.
      FRN 440
      FRN 450
      GMN 330
      GMN 405
      GMN 410 Readings in German
      GMN 440 German in Pennsylvania
      GMN 460 Genres in German Literature
      MBS 203 Milestones in Music Recording
      MSC 100 Introduction to Music
      MSC 101 Fundamentals of Music
      MSC 242 Hist. & Lit. of Music II
      MSC 343 20th Century Music
      SPA 330 Literatures in Spanish
      SPA 440
      SPA 445
      SPA 450 Modern Latin American Lit.
      SPA 480 Capstone Senior Sem in Spanish
    • Area 6: Religion/Philosophy [L6]
      Courses introduce students to major religious or philosophical perspectives and the critical study of meaning, values, morals, beliefs, or religious practices. These courses in religion and philosophy promote the intellectual skills of inquiry and analysis, and promote personal and social responsibility by helping to establish the foundations and skills for lifelong learning.

      PHL 110 The Examined Life
      PHL 210 Ethics
      PHL 222
      PHL 230 Philosophy of Religion
      PHL 299 Gastro-Philosophy: Reflections
      REL 110 The Sacred Life
      REL 202 Jewish and Christian Scripture
      REL 230 Philosophy of Religion
      REL 250
      REL 251