Cooperative Programs


In the cooperative 3+2 Engineering Program, a student earns a B.S. degree from Lebanon Valley College and a B.S. degree in one of the fields of engineering from ­another institution. Students do three years of work at Lebanon Valley College and then usually do two additional years of work in engineering. Students may study engineering at any accredited engineering school. To assist the student, Lebanon Valley College has cooperative (contractual) agreements with The Pennsylvania State University and Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland. There are three tracks for 3+2 engineering. For most fields of engineering (e.g., civil, mechanical, electrical), the student completes the B.S. physics track. For chemical engineering, the student completes the B.S. chemistry track. For computer engineering, the student completes the B.S. computer science track. For more information, contact Dr. Michael Day, director of the 3+2 Engineering Program at for additional information.


Medical Technology (Clinical Laboratory Science)

The overall goal of the Medical Technology Program is to prepare students for a career as a clinical laboratory scientist with certification from the American Society for Clinical Pathology and the National Credentialing Agency for Laboratory Personnel.  Medical technology is a 3 + 1 cooperative program in which the student spends 3 years at LVC to fulfill the requirements of the College and of the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS).  During the third year, the student applies to a NAACLS-accredited school of medical laboratory science, where he or she will complete the fourth year of clinical training.  After successful completion of the fourth year, the student is awarded the Bachelor of Science in medical technology by Lebanon Valley College.  The College is affiliated with the following clinical programs: Florence M. Cook School of Medical Laboratory Science of the Jersey Shore Medical Center, and the Clinical Laboratory Science Program of the Lancaster General College of Nursing and Health Sciences.  However, the student is not limited to these affiliate programs and may seek acceptance at other accredited clinical schools.  

Program Goals
Students completing this program will:

  • Develop academic skills within the liberal arts environment that will provide a foundation for success in advanced courses, in clinical laboratory education and on national certification exams, and encourage life-long learning.
  • Acquire the factual and conceptual knowledge needed to pursue and benefit from the clinical laboratory education and pursue a career in medical technology.
  • Acquire skills to evaluate laboratory methods, critically analyze data, and effectively communicate their findings in both a written and oral format.
  • Acquire, through our affiliated training hospitals, the clinical laboratory skills and experience necessary to function as highly qualified clinical laboratory technologists and provide patient care in a professional manner consistent with established ethical guidelines.

Degree Requirements: 

Degree: Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology

Major: BIO 111, 112, 201, 306, 323; BIO 322 or 324; CHM 111, 112, 113, 114, 213, 214, 215, 216; PHY 103, 104; MAS 170 (51 credits). The senior year is spent off campus at an accredited hospital school of medical technology. It is the student's responsibility to apply and become accepted into a hospital program. Thirty semester hours of credit are awarded for the successful completion of this year.


Pre-Professional Programs


Pre-Law Program

Students should consult with the pre-law advisor well before commencing the law school application process. The pre-law advisor, Dr. Philip Benesch, will help students decide when to take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) and which law schools may suit their interests and qualifications. The LSAT is required for acceptance at American Bar Association-approved law schools. In addition, it is strongly recommend that before taking the LSAT, students complete PHL 280 Logic, a course required for the Law and Society minor.

In addition to an applicant’s LSAT score, law schools will consider his or her GPA, transcript, letters of recommendation, and personal statement. No single major is identified as an ideal preparation for law school; rather a broad liberal-arts curriculum is preferred, with courses known for significant reading, writing, and thinking challenges being particularly valued.

A law and society minor can be taken alongside any major at LVC. Further information on the Law and Society minor can be found on the History. Politics, and Global Studies page.

In addition, it is recommended that pre-law students take the following courses as electives, or to fulfill other requirements: HIS 125, HIS 126, ECN 101, ECN 102, POL 110, POL 210.  Other elective courses of potential interest to pre-law students include BUS 371/372 (Business Law) , and AT 131/231 (Financial and Managerial Accounting.)

Students interested in law school should contact Dr. Philip Benesch, pre-law advisor, as early as possible in their studies at Lebanon Valley College.  He can be reached at 717-867-6326, or, as well as in his office in the Administration Building/Humanities 206.


Pre-Medical, Pre-Dentistry, Pre-Veterinary

Lebanon Valley College offers pre-professional preparation in the medical (medicine, osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, pharmacy, chiropractic, dentistry, and physician assistant) and veterinary fields. Students interested in one of these careers usually follow a science curriculum with a major in biochemistry and molecular biology, biology, chemistry or neuroscience.

In addition to the basic natural sciences suited to advanced professional study, the student may participate in an internship program between the College and local physicians or veterinarians. Students not only receive credit for the work, but also gain valuable experience in the field.

The faculty-led Health Professions Committee coordinates the various plans of study in addition to offering advice and assistance to those persons interested in health professions careers.


Self-Designed Major

Lebanon Valley College undergraduates have the option to self-design a major around specific interests and goals, provided the field of concentration is not substantially addressed by any singular academic program. Self-designed majors are in keeping with the tradition of liberal learning by allowing students to develop an interdisciplinary course of study between at least two academic programs.

Students who intend to complete a self-designed major must first select a primary advisor and secondary advisor. The primary advisor should be a faculty member from the department/discipline that will be most frequently represented by coursework in the major. The secondary advisor is a faculty member from the second discipline constituting the major. Students who do not know specific faculty members that might serve as either primary or secondary advisors should contact the respective department chairs for referrals.

In consultation with the primary advisor, a student pursuing a self-designed major should prepare an application that includes the following: a description of and rationale for the major, the major’s goals1 and measureable learning objectives2, required and/or elective courses aligned with the major’s learning objectives, core competencies developed in the major3, and a proposed four-year schedule of classes. The self-designed major should consist of at least 27 credits higher than the 100-level, with at least 12 credits at the 300-level or higher, including the capstone experience. A culminating experience should be included as part of the major.

Students in self-designed majors must complete a capstone experience that synthesizes the two disciplines included in the major and requires students to demonstrate successful achievement of the major’s goals and objectives.

The application for the self-designed major must be approved by the primary and secondary advisor before submitting it to the faculty Committee on Curriculum and Assessment. The committee will review the proposed major and either approve, approve pending modification or reject the proposed program. Final approval is determined by the vice president of academic affairs and dean of the faculty. Any changes made to the courses required for the major must be approved by the Committee on Curriculum and Assessment and supported by a justification from the student and primary advisor.

Students planning on a self-designed major generally submit their proposals within their first four semesters at the College. The number of credits in the major that were completed prior to submitting an application may influence the committee’s decision concerning approval of the major. Except in unusual cases and with sufficient justification, proposals submitted after 60 percent of the coursework for the self-designed major has been completed will not be considered.

Because of the multiple steps in the review process, which can each require extensive revisions to the application, students should allow at least four to eight weeks (assuming revisions are made in a timely manner) for a successful application to be approved. Please note that the CCA only meets in the fall and spring when classes are in session, and is therefore not able to consider application at other times.

It is important to note that the self-designed major offers a creative alternative for students with definite, integrated educational goals. It is not a way for students to avoid specific requirements. Consistent with the grading policies for all undergraduate majors, students may not elect for the Pass/Fail option in courses that fulfill general education requirements or the requirements of the self-designed major.


1Broadly based statements identifying what learning will be achieved in the major
2Statements using action words to say what student will do in order to show evidence they have fulfilled a goal.
3Fundamental knowledge, ability or proficiency developed in an undergraduate degree program.

Degree: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree (depending upon concentration) with a self-designed major.

Requirements: Those courses specified for the approved self-designed major, plus those courses necessary for general requirements. As with all majors, students must complete 120 credits and maintain a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.000 and a major grade point average of at least 2.000.



An internship is a practical and professional work experience that allows students to participate in the operations of business, industry, education, government or not-for-profit organizations. Internships provide students with opportunities to integrate their classroom learning with on-the-job experiences and to test practical applications of their liberal arts education in a variety of settings.

To be eligible for an internship sponsored by an academic department or program, a student generally will have junior or senior standing. Students must request and receive permission from departmental chair or program directors to enroll in internships. The student must also enlist a faculty internship supervisor from the department sponsoring the internship and an on-site internship supervisor from the internship location.

Application forms for internships are available in the office of the registrar. The application form shall be completed by the student and approved by the student’s academic advisor, faculty internship supervisor, on-site internship supervisor, and department chair prior to registration.

For each semester hour of credit, the intern should invest at least 45 hours of time at the internship location. Academic departments and programs establish other specific criteria and procedures for internships. In addition to the practical on-site experience, internships have an academic component that may include readings, reports, journals, seminars and/or faculty conferences. A student may enroll for 1–12 credit hours of internship during any one semester. A student may use a maximum of 12 credit hours of internship to meet graduation requirements. All internships have a course number of 400.


Individualized Courses

Each department provides opportunities for students to undertake individualized coursework.  Tutorial studies follow an existing course, while four other options provide opportunities for students to pursue an individualized course of study at different levels: directed study, independent study, advanced research, and advanced creative study.  Independent, direct, advanced research, or advanced creative study courses cannot be used to cover existing courses or projects more properly described as internships.

Each option requires students to invest at least 45 hours for each semester hour of credit and involves a contract between the student and faculty advisor regarding assignments and expectations for successful completion of the course.  Written application forms are available in the Registrar's Office and require approval of the student's faculty advisor, contract instructor, and department chair.

A combined maximum of 9 credits in directed study, independent study, advanced research, or advanced creative study may be used toward graduation requirements. A maximum of 3 credits of directed study may be used toward graduation requirement.  Students may enroll in a combined maximum of 6 credits in independent study, advanced research, or advanced creative study in any one semester. 


Tutorial Study
Tutorial study provides students with a special opportunity to take an existing formal course in the curricula that is not scheduled that semester or summer session and that cannot be taken in another term without delaying a student's graduation date.  Students desiring a tutorial study must have an appropriate member of the faculty agree to supervise the study on a one-on-one basis.  The typical tutorial study involves readings, research, report writing, faculty conferences and examinations.  All tutorial study courses have the same course number as the existing formal catalog course.

Directed Study
Directed studies allow the students to explore a specialized topic not covered by existing courses in the curriculum.  No prior background in the topic is required and students work under the direction of a faculty member.  While no formal final product is required, students must demonstrate their knowledge and comprehension of the topic through appropriate assessments.  

Directed studies may or may not count toward major or minor requirements, as determined by the department chair.  All directed studies have a course number of 289.


Independent Study
Independent study provides an opportunity to undertake a program of supervised reading, research, or creative work not incorporated in existing formal courses.  The independent study should build on students' prior knowledge, improve competence in a major or related area of interest, and demonstrate application and analysis of learned material through completion of a formal document or creative work.  A minimum GPA of 2.000 is required.  All independent studies have a course number of 500.

Advanced Research or Advanced Creative Study
There are two options for advanced study: advanced research or advanced creative study.  These advanced study options expand on the expectations of an independent study by requiring students to critically evaluate materials in their area of study and utilize that information as a foundation for syntheses.  The goal of these studies is to produce an original work that must be submitted to the supervising academic department and presented to the LVC community.  It is strongly encouraged that the work is shared beyond the College for presentation or publication.  Junior or senior standing and a minimum GPA of 2.000 is required; academic departments may set a higher GPA threshold and additional prerequisites.  All advanced research courses are numbered 550 and advanced creative study courses are numbered 555.

Special Topics Courses

From time to time, departments may offer Special Topics courses using the following course numbers: 290–298, 390–398, 490–498, and 590. Special Topics courses are formal courses that are not listed permanently in the curricula and that are offered infrequently. These courses examine comparatively narrow subjects that may be topical or of special interest. Several different topics may be taught in one semester or academic year. A specific course title shall be used in each instance and shall be so noted on the student record.